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Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
Print version ISSN 1517-8382
ZHOU, Xiang. Winter prevalence of obligate aphid pathogen Pandora neoaphidis mycosis in the host Myzus persicae populations in southern China: modeling description and biocontrol implication. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2012, vol.43, n.1, pp. 325-331. ISSN 1517-8382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822012000100038.
Pandora neoaphidis overwintering had been investigated by monitoring its prevalence in Myzus persicae populations in open fields. Cabbage plants in field plots were weekly taken after mycosis initiation, to count and examine the living and dead aphids infected by P. neoaphidis. Based on the field data, infection levels (I) varied with field temperature (T), relative humidity (RH) and aphid count (numbers of living aphids per plant, N) over days (D), fitting well to the modified logistic equation I=0.91/[1+exp(8.5+(2.0HTHRH-20.2NI0)D)] (r2=0.897), where HT indicated daily hours of low temperature (<4°C), HRH daily hours of high air humidity (>90% RH) and I0 primary infection level. The model demonstrated the abiotic and biotic factors influencing P. neoaphidis mycosis development in winter, and also verifies the fungal overwintering by infecting available host aphids without a resting stage. Ultimately, P. neoaphidis mycosis reduced 81.4% of aphid populations, presenting great potential for biocontrol.
Keywords : Entomopathogenic fungi; Aphid; Epizootic modeling; Entomophthorales; Microbial control.