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Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

Print version ISSN 1517-8382

Abstract

BATOOL, Rida; YRJALA, Kim  and  HASNAIN, Shahida. Impact of environmental stress on biochemical parameters of bacteria reducing chromium. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2014, vol.45, n.2, pp.573-583. ISSN 1517-8382.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822014000200028.

Chromium pollution is produced in connection with industrial processes like in tanneries. It has been suggested that bioremediation could be a good option for clean up. The stress effect of variable chromate levels, pHs and growth temperatures on biochemical parameters of two Cr(VI) reducing bacterial strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa Rb-1 and Ochrobactrum intermedium Rb-2 was investigated. Transmission electrone microscopy (TEM) was performed to study the intracellular distribution of Cr(VI). It was observed that initial stress of 1000 µgmL-1 caused significant enhancement of all studied biochemical parameters at pH 7.0 and growth temperature of 37 °C showing great bioremediation potential of the strains. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the distribution of chromium precipitates was not uniform as they were distributed in the cytoplasm as well as found associated with the periplasm and outer membrane. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed the possible involvement of carboxyl, amino, sulpohonate and hydroxyl groups present on the bacterial cell surface for the binding of Cr(VI) ions. Cr(VI) stress brought about changes in the distridution of these functional groups. It can be concluded that the investigated bacterial strains adjust well to Cr(VI) stress in terms of biochemical parameters and along that exhibited alteration in morphology.

Keywords : Cr(VI); pH; temperature; biochemical parameters; TEM; FTIR spectroscopy.

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