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Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

Print version ISSN 1517-8382

Abstract

CORTES-JIMENEZ, Daniel et al. Microorganisms associated to tomato seedlings growing in saline culture act as osmoprotectant. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2014, vol.45, n.2, pp.613-620. ISSN 1517-8382.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822014000200032.

Less than 0.5% of total water in the world is available for human consumption and agriculture. The major part of the world's water is saline and salinity in soils interferes in germination of seeds and the posterior development of the plant. In order to increase the osmotolerance of tomato, seedlings were associated with Azospirillum brasilense Cd, Azospirillum brasilense Cd transformed bacteria with a plasmid harboring a trehalose biosynthesis gene-fusion or Chlorella vulgaris. Two plant culture media: Hydroponic and Murashige and Skoog were tested. In the first set of studies seedlings were associated to single free cells meanwhile in a second set single and combined free cells were studied. A positive interaction between transformed Azospirillum and Chlorella vulagris and tomato plants was observed. Seedlings showed a salt concentration tolerance, as sodium chloride, up to 200 mM. According to our results, the association of plants with A. brasilense Cd-BIF and C. vulgaris is a viable approach to increase their salt tolerance and biomass, as consequence the possible use of sea water to irrigate horticultural plants.

Keywords : hydroponic culture; microbial association; salt tolerance; Trehalose.

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