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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
SILVA, Paulo Roberto Santos et al. Ophthalmologic, anthropometric, musculo-skeletal and physiological characteristics in female elite soccer players. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 1999, vol.5, n.1, pp. 1-8. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86921999000100002.
Female soccer has grown substantially in our country. Fifteen female soccer players aged 22.3 ± 6.2, weight 58.2 ± 8.3 kg and height 162.5 ± 61 cm were submitted to an evaluation of several parameters which are considered important to their physical capacity and athletic fitness. Moreover, we compared some functional rates in the literature showing the results of players from other countries with more practical experience in this game. The parameters and results were: Metabolic and cardiorespiratory during rest and during exercise: HR = 87 ± 8 bpm; SBP = 100.6 ± 4.5 mmHg; DBP = 62.6 ± 4.5 mmHg; HRmax. = 194 ± 7 bpm; Borg Scale = 19.5 ± 0.8; running velocity max. = 13.4 ± 0.9 km.h-1; VT1 = 8.5 km.h-1; VT2 = 11.2 km.h-1; VO2 peak = 47.3 ± 4.5 mlO2.kg-1.min-1; Cybex: right isokinetic torque of knee extensor at 60º S-1 = 198.5 ± 44.1 Nm; in flexors = 116.5 ± 18.8 Nm; left = 203.6 ± 38.1 Nm; 116.5 ± 18.8 Nm; Wingate: peak power corrected by weight = 9.5 ± 0.9 w.kg-1; mean power = 7.5 ± 0.5 w.kg-1; fatigue rate = 56.7 ± 7.3%; body fat % = 17.4 ± 2.3%; Ophthalmologic evaluation: long-range visual acuity in the right and left eye = 97.5 ± 5.8%, respectively; intraocular pressure in the right and left eye = 13.7 ± 2.7 and 13.1 ± 2.4 mmHg, respectively. The variable which could be compared to international female soccer results pointed our athletes had equivalent rates and rather superior, in some cases. Nevertheless, because of lack of information, the most adequate rates for the practice of this modality by women could not be quantified. In the author's opinion, a greater volume of investigation is needed focusing various female soccer features.
Keywords : Female soccer; Spiroergometry; Wingate test; Body fat percentage; Isokinetic evaluation; Ophthalmologic analysis; Sports medicine.