Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
SILVA, Paulo Rodrigo Pedroso da; DANIELSKI, Ricardo and CZEPIELEWSKI, Mauro Antônio. Anabolic steroids in sports. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2002, vol.8, n.6, pp. 235-243. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922002000600005.
Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are hormones that include or are derivatives of testosterone. They are produced in the testicles and in the adrenal cortex. AAS promote development of sexual characteristics associated with the male sex. They are applied as a general rule in the treatment of sarcopenia, hypogonadism, breast cancer, and osteoporosis. In relation to sports, they are used to increase strength and muscle mass. Their effects on athletics performance are still controversial. AAS can cause several side-effects, such as mental disease, prostate cancer, coronary disease, and sterility. There are no epidemiologic studies regarding the use of AAS in Brazil . This review intends to deal with this matter widely and aims at stimulating curiosity and interest in order to provide new publications about this issue.
Keywords : Anabolic steroids; Androgens; Doping; Drug abuse.