Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
On-line version ISSN 1806-9940
RIQUE, Ana Beatriz Ribeiro; SOARES, Eliane de Abreu and MEIRELLES, Claudia de Mello. Nutrition and exercise on cardiovascular disease prevention and control. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2002, vol.8, n.6, pp.244-254. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922002000600006.
Cardiovascular diseases represent the major worldwide cause of death, and their significant growth in developing countries alerts against their impact on underprivileged classes. Cardiovascular diseases are subject to a set of risk factors, some of which can be altered through changes in lifestyle, such as balanced diet and regular exercising. The purpose of this review is to approach these factors in order to prevent and control cardiovascular diseases. The consumption of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, soybeans, olive oil, and fish must be increased, although limiting the amount of fat. Saturated and trans fatty acids must be avoided, as well as excessive use of salt and alcoholic beverages. Besides aerobics, resistance training activities are increasing their importance in cardiac rehabilitation. Such lifestyle changes should be prioritized by Public Health authorities in order to hold back cardiovascular disease occurrence in our country.
Keywords : Cardiovascular diseases; Risk factors; Nutrition; Physical exercise; Lifestyle changes.