SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.9 issue4Indexes of power and aerobic capacity obtained in cycle ergometry and treadmill running: comparisons between sedentary, runners, cyclists and triathletesImportance of heart rate analysis in exercise tolerance test author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte

Print version ISSN 1517-8692

Abstract

MONTEIRO, Cristiano Ralo; GUERRA, Isabela  and  BARROS, Turíbio Leite de. Hydration in soccer: a review. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2003, vol.9, n.4, pp. 243-246. ISSN 1517-8692.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922003000400005.

Hydration should be considered before, during and after the exercise. This review intends to approach the main points of hydration process in soccer. The replacement of fluids during exercise is proportional to some factors, such as: exercise intensity; climatic conditions; the athlete's acclimatization; the athlete's physical conditioning; physiologic individual characteristics and the player's biomechanics. Performance is improved when players ingest not only water but also carbohydrate. The rates that carbohydrate and water are absorbed by the organism are limited by the rates of gastric emptying and intestinal absorption. The composition of drinks offered to the players should be influenced by the relative importance of the need of supplying carbohydrates or water; it should be remembered that the depletion of carbohydrate can result in fatigue and decrease of performance, but it is not usually a life-threatening condition. The addition of carbohydrate in these drinks increases the concentrations of blood glucose, increases the use of external fuel through the increase of the glucose oxidation in the muscles and it spares muscle glycogen. So, the ingestion of carbohydrate before and during the exercise can delay the emergence of fatigue and increase the players' performance. Several tactics can be used to avoid dehydration, like hyperhydration before exercise and player's acclimatization. The ideal situation to restore the player's fluid losses is between the sessions of exercises. Since soccer is a sport with quite peculiar characteristics related to hydration, the players should be concerned and educated about the importance of fluid ingestion before, during and after the exercise.

Keywords : Soccer; Hydration; Carbohydrate; Performance.

        · text in English     · pdf in English