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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
BOSCO, Ricardo; DEMARCHI, Amanda; REBELO, Fabiana Pereira Vecchio and CARVALHO, Tales de. The effect of a program of combined aerobic physical exercise with exercises of localized muscular resistance in the improvement of systemic and local circulation: a case study. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2004, vol.10, n.1, pp. 56-62. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922004000100005.
INTRODUCTION: Thrombophilia, elapses the existence of alterations of the hemostasis, being congenital or to be acquired. The protein S deficiency, occurs for the lack of the cofactor for protein C, is a congenital alteration that can result in thrombophilia. Physical rehabilitation, an efficient therapeutic option, has its paper defined in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular illnesses. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the influence of the associated aerobic physical exercise to the exercises of muscular resistance in the systemic and collateral circulation of the right upper/lower member and in the reduction of the consequences caused for the decurrent retractions of the surgeries. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The sample, composed by a patient of the feminine sex, 19 years, carrier of the syndrome of congenital thrombophilia because of protein S deficiency, with total obstruction of the right axillary artery and partial obstruction of the right superficial femoral artery. The program of exercises were divided in two phases. Phase I: Activities for increase of the amplitude of movements, became fulfilled kept application of heat, manual passive stretching, lymphatic draining and Effleurage manipulations. Phase II: Constituted of aerobic exercise (45 minutes of walked, 3 times per week, intensity of 60% 85% of the maximum cardiac frequency), and exercises of located muscular resistance (dynamic contractions, three series with the maximum of possible repetitions, low intensity, favoring aerobic factors). RESULT: 1. Improvement of the collateral circulation to the axillary artery, evidenced for the increase in the speed of systolic pulse (verified by pulsed Doppler examination) - in the radial artery passed of 3.4 cm/s for 16.8 cm/s; in the brachial artery, of 8.7 cm/s for 45.9 cm/s. 2. Better tolerance to the aerobic exercise. 3. Recovery of the functional capacity and amplitude of movement of shoulder. 4. Full recovery of the autonomy for the daily activities. CONCLUSIONS: The gotten results had demonstrated that the adopted therapy was efficient in the treatment of thrombophilia consequences.
Keywords : Rehabilitation program; Systemic and collateral circulation; Thrombosis; Physical exercises.