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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte

Print version ISSN 1517-8692On-line version ISSN 1806-9940

Abstract

BARSOTTINI, Daniel; GUIMARAES, Anderson Eduardo  and  MORAIS, Paulo Renato de. Relationship between techniques and injuries among judo practitioners. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2006, vol.12, n.1, pp.56-60. ISSN 1806-9940.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922006000100011.

Judo is a martial art created in 1882 characterized by a great number of techniques and philosophical basis, and it has been mentioned in several studies as one of the sports presenting a higher amount of injury occurrences. Nevertheless, there are few detailed surveys to allow performing a causal correlation between the technical aspects and the percentage picture of the injuries found in this sportive modality. The sampling was constituted by seventy-eight case reports attained after applying a close questionnaire in forty-six 23 years old ± 10 years male athletes, and thirty-two 19 years old ± 7 years female athletes. The mean time of practice for male athletes was 9 ± 6 years, and their level was distributed as follows: 20% black belt, 50% brown belt, and 30% with lower than brown belt level. The female athletes presented a mean time of practice of 5 ± 3 years, distributed as follows: 9% black belt, 25% brown belt, and 66% with lower than brown belt level. After applying a questionnaire, it was observed that injuries occurred in 23% prevalence in the knee joint, followed by 16% in the shoulder, 22% in fingers and toes, and the remaining occurrences amounted 39%. 10% of injuries were mild, 9% were moderate injuries, and 63% were severe injuries. The relationship of the training injuries attained 71% of the cases, and 42% of that total occurred when heavier fighter participated in the training. The most frequent strokes that caused injuries were the Ippon seoi Nague, with a 23% incidence, the Tai otoshi, with 22%, and the Uchi mata, 9%.

Keywords : Sports injuries; Judo.

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