Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
MONTEIRO, Walace David and SIMAO, Roberto. Is there bilateral deficit in the practice of 10RM in arm and leg exercises?. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2006, vol.12, n.3, pp. 115-118. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922006000300001.
Resistance exercises can be done uni or bilaterally. Depending on the way by which the movement is conducted, the presence of bilateral deficit (BD) is observed. BD studies have concentrated their effort on the investigation of the phenomenon in exercises done with one single maximum repetition and little is known about their behavior in exercises with many repetitions. The aims of this study were: a) to compare the load in 10 repetition maximum (10RM) in the different sides of the body in exercises done with arms and legs. b) To compare the sum of the unilateral actions with the bilateral results in the same exercises. Twenty trained women between 18 and 30 years old (24 ± 6) were evaluated in uni and bilateral 10RM test in the selected exercises. The statistics analysis was t-test paired, to verify the difference between limbs and the sum of the two limbs separately in relation to bilateral load. Significance level was p < 0.05 for all procedures. No difference was found in the manipulated loads in both members, the same not occurring with the sum of unilateral load compared to bilateral. This demonstrates that the practice of bilateral work in routine situation of training involving 10RM promotes a greater manipulation of load in relation to unilateral work, differently from what is seen in BD in 1RM. In conclusion, at least in the selected exercises, BD was not found. Future studies should be done for better understanding of the BD phenomenon during training routine.
Keywords : Muscular strength; Strength training; Unilateral exercises; Bilateral exercises.