Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
PONTES, Luciano Meireles de et al. Prevalence of risk factors of non-transmissible chronic diseases: the impact of 16 weeks of soccer training at nutritional status and physical aptitude indexes in society soccer practitioners. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2006, vol.12, n.4, pp. 211-215. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922006000400009.
The study objective is to identify the prevalence of risk factors (RF) to non-transmissible chronic diseases (NTCD) in society soccer practitioners and the impact of 16 weeks of soccer training in the nutritional status (NS) and the physical ability index. METHODS: Sample: 45 individuals (38.6 ± 7.4 years), divided in two groups: experimental (G1 = 22) and control (G2 = 23). The G1 was submitted to a training program of three sessions by week in alternated days with 90 minutes (min) duration. The G2 participated once a week, in soccer game, with 90 min duration. The research variables contemplated RF for NTCD, anthropometric indicators, biochemical analysis and physical ability index. Data analysis counted on descriptive and inferential statistics by SPSS 13.0. RESULTS: The major risk factors prevalence's pointed to: the overweight (65.0%), cancer family history (57.5%) and cardiac disease (55.0%) and hypertriglyceridemia (32.5%). The G1 presented body mass (p = 0.007), waist circumference (p = 0.010), body mass index (p = 0.007) and fat percentage (p = 0.004), reduction, fact no observed in G2. In both of the groups, total cholesterol analysis, triglycerides and fasting glucose, didn't demonstrative significant reduction during the observation period (p > 0.05). G1 got better indexes of maximum oxygen consumption (p = 0.011), muscular resistance (p = 0.000) and flexibility (p = 0.000), what did not happen in G2. CONCLUSION: The soccer players presented high prevalence of RF to NTCD. In general terms, G1 got satisfactory changes in NS and physical ability index during 16 weeks period, conditions that weren't identified in G2.
Keywords : Epidemiology; Body composition; Physical exercise.