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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
On-line version ISSN 1806-9940
PELARIGO, Jailton Gregório et al. Technical indexes corresponding to the critical speed and the maximal speed of 30 minutes in swimmers with different aerobic performance levels. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2007, vol.13, n.3, pp. 148-152. ISSN 1806-9940. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922007000300004.
The main objective of this study was to verify the effect of aerobic performance level on the relationship between the technical indexes corresponding to critical speed (CS) and maximal speed of 30 minutes (S30) in swimmers. Participated of this study 23 male swimmers with similar anthropometric characteristics, divided by aerobic performance level in groups G1 (n = 13) and G2 (n = 10). They had at least four years of experience in the modality and a weekly training volume between 30,000 to 45,000 m. The CS was determined through the angular coefficient of the linear regression line between the distances (200 and 400 m) and respective times. The S30 was determined through the maximal distance covered in a 30 minutes test. All variables were determined in front crawl. CS was higher than S30 in G1 (1.30 ± 0.04 vs. 1.23 ± 0.06 m.s-1) and G2 (1.17 ± 0.08 vs. 1.07 ± 0.06 m.s -1). These variables were higher in group G1. The stroke rate corresponding to CS (SRCS) and S30 (SRS30) obtained in group G1 (33.07 ± 4.34 vs. 31.38 ± 4.15 cycles.min-1) and G2 (35.57 ± 6.52 vs. 33.54 ± 5.89 cycles.min-1) were similar. The SRCS was significantly lower in group G1 than G2, while SRS30 was not different between groups. The stroke length corresponding to CS (SLCS) and S30 (SLS30) was significantly higher in group G1 (2.41 ± 0.33 vs. 2.38 ± 0.30 m.cycle-1) than in G2 (2.04 ± 0.43 vs. 1.97 ± 0.40 m.cycle-1), and had similar values in both groups. The correlation (r) between CS and S30 and technical variables corresponding to CS and S30 were significant in all comparisons (0.68 to 0.91). Thus, the relationship between the speed and technical variables corresponding to CS and S30 was not modified by the aerobic performance level.
Keywords : Stroke rate; Stroke length; Stroke index; Swimming; Aerobic capacity.