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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
On-line version ISSN 1806-9940
VIEIRA, Rodolfo de Paula et al. Effects of creatine oral supplementation on the hepatic metabolism and morphology of rats. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2008, vol.14, n.1, pp. 38-41. ISSN 1806-9940. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922008000100007.
Creatine is a nitrogenated amine and it has been used mainly by athletes and physical activity practitioners who wish to increase muscle mass and performance. However its use is not just related to sports practice, once several studies have shown beneficial effects on medical practice. Some studies have demonstrated that oral creatine supplementation increases its plasmatic bioavailability and also its concentration in several organs. However, studies about the possible toxic effects followed by creatine supplementation are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this work was to evaluate the hepatic structure and function in rats after 14 days of oral creatine supplementation at dose of 0.5g/kg/day. The hepatic function was evaluated through biochemical assays and the hepatic structure was analyzed through the relative hepatic mass and histological analysis. The results showed that 14 days of creatine supplementation did not alter the hepatic function and structure when compared with the control and supplemented groups, AST (39.5 x 44.4 U/L), ALT (18.6 x 30.8 U/L), ALP (38.5 x 31.4 U/L), GGT (134.8 x 143.8 U/L), total proteins (5.1 x 5.5 g/dl), triglycerides (141.0 x 141.0 mg/dl), total cholesterol (130.1 x 126.2 mg/dl), LDL cholesterol (36.1 x 36.1 mg/dl), HDL cholesterol (65.6 x 62.4 mg/dl), VLDL cholesterol (25.0 x 28.0 mg/dl), and also the hepatic structure, except for the albumin plasmatic levels (3.0 x 3.5 mg/dl - p<0.02). Our results clearly demonstrated that, at least at the used dosage, oral creatine supplementation did not induce any toxic effect on the liver.
Keywords : creatine; dietary supplements; liver.