Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
On-line version ISSN 1806-9940
HOSHI, Rosangela Akemi et al. Sports injuries in artistic gymnastics: a study from referred morbidity. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2008, vol.14, n.5, pp. 440-445. ISSN 1806-9940. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922008000500008.
INTRODUCTION: The levels of biomechanical demands due to the high level of difficulty in the gestures accomplishment make Artistic Gymnastics (AG) a modality with high risk of injuries. Thus, it is necessary that the aspects concerned with them are controlled. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the occurrence of injuries in artistic gymnastics, associating them with specific risk factors of the modality and of the athlete from reported morbidity survey. METHODS: 54 gymnasts randomly recruited have been interviewed and classified according to their competitive level into two categories: regional and national. The reported morbidity questionnaire (RMQ) was used with the purpose to collect data on the injury's nature, body region and gymnastic apparatus. Data were organized and presented under frequency distribution and analyzed variables. The variables were analyzed according to their level of association from the Goodmann's test for contrasts between multinomials populations considering significant value p<0.05. RESULTS: 39 (71.70%) athletes have reported injury during the season, being 22 of them (56.41) women and 17 (43.59%) men. In the regional male and female categories and in the national female, the largest reported occurrence of injuries was articular, corresponding to 55.56%, 50% and 45.45% of the total, respectively. For the national female category, the lower limbs were the most affected (68.18%). In female, the most frequent injuries occurred in the jumps (79.41%), while in national male the highest number of complaints has been reported in the support and suspension moves (72%). CONCLUSIONS: There is high frequency of injuries, especially in the joints and lower limbs, being the jump events the most mentioned concerning occurrence. It has also been observed that the higher the level of demand, the higher the occurrence of injuries.
Keywords : athletic injuries; risk factors; analytical studies.