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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
On-line version ISSN 1806-9940
BERTOLINI, Gladson Ricardo Flor; BARBIERI, Cláudio Henrique and MAZZER, Nilton. Longitudinal analysis of soleus muscles of rats submitted to passive stretching with previous use of therapeutic ultrasound. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2009, vol.15, n.2, pp. 115-118. ISSN 1806-9940. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922009000200006.
Muscular stretching is much diffused among athletes and people involved in physical activities, besides being a routine procedure in physiotherapy clinics, mainly aiming at flexibility increase. The therapeutic ultrasound possesses thermal and non-thermal effects, which generate possibilities of tissue extensibility and cellular metabolism increase and can aid in static stretching anabolic effects. The aim of this study was to analyze the static passive stretching effects in left soleus muscle (LSM) of rats, associated to the therapeutic ultrasound use on muscular tissue longitudinal alterations. Forty-two Wistar rats, divided in therapeutic ultrasound treated groups, with thermal and non-thermal doses, and subsequent static stretching in 3 sets of 30 s, besides groups just treated with ultrasound or stretched, for 15 days were used. The variations found between LSM and RSM of each group were compared. The variables were: muscular length, serial sarcomere estimation in the fiber and along the muscle, and sarcomere length. The analyzed variables results showed alterations in rest muscular length in the groups with therapeutic ultrasound in thermal dose associated to static stretching. However, there were not significant differences for the other analyzed variables. It is concluded that static passive stretching associated to therapeutic ultrasound in thermal dose just produced increase in rest muscular length.
Keywords : ultrasound; skeletal muscle; sarcomere.