Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
JANNIG, Paulo Roberto et al. Influence of resistance exercises order performance on post-exercise hypotension in hypertensive elderly. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2009, vol.15, n.5, pp. 338-341. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922009000600003.
There is evidence that resistance training can help to control hypertension, although further studies are needed to show the best way to perform it. The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of the resistance exercises order performance in post-exercise hypotension in elderly with controlled hypertension. The study sample consisted of eight elderly with controlled hypertension (four men and four women). In exercise protocol 1 (P1), they performed three upper limb exercises and then three lower limb exercises. In exercise protocol 2 (P2) the sequence was reversed. In exercise protocol 3 (P3) the subjects performed the same exercises in an alternate way. All exercises were performed in three sets of 12RM. Blood pressure (BP) was measured after each protocol at every 10 min until 60 min post-exercise. The data obtained were assessed using two-way ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey and paired Student's t test (p<0.05). Concerning rest values, P1 did not show statistically significance in any moment; however, in P2 at 20 and 40 min Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) values were statistically significant. Moreover, P3 showed differences in all SBP moments and also in the 10, 20, 30 and 60 min of Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP). When all the moments in the three protocols were compared just in the 20 min moment, P3 showed statistically difference compared with P1 and P2. It was concluded that the performed order of resistance exercises in elderly with controlled hypertension has influenced on the duration, but not directly on its magnitude.
Keywords : Blood pressure; muscular mass; non-pharmacological treatment.