SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.16 issue2Epidemiological assessment of injuries and physical profile of amateur soccer players in the western region of São PauloComparison between four- and eight- week physical trainings on the mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activities and oxidative stress markers in liver of mice author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte

Print version ISSN 1517-8692


BORBA-PINHEIRO, Cláudio Joaquim et al. Effects of resistance training on low bone density-related variables in menopausal women taking alendronate. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.2, pp.121-125. ISSN 1517-8692.

Osteoporosis is a chronic disease of the human skeleton. OBJECTIVE: To verify the effects of resistance training on bone mineral density (BMD), muscular strength, balance and quality of life in menopausal women taking Alendronate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen female volunteers participated in the study. The volunteers were separated into two groups: resistance training participants (n=9; 49.7±4.2 years) and control group (n=7; 53.8±4.4 years). The following evaluation instruments were used: absorptiometry-DXA (which measured the lumbar spine L2-L4, neck femur, Wards triangle and major trochanter), the Osteoporosis Assessment Questionnaire (OPAQ) and a balance test. The training was applied in 12 months, divided in six cycles with intensity of 70-90% of the maximum load (10RM). Parametric tests for intra-group analysis (t or Wilcoxon) and (Anova) for inter-groups, were used. RESULTS: Significant differences in the resistance training group were found in the bones variables: lumbar L2-L4 (6.8%, p=0.001), neck femur (4.8%, p=0.005) and trochanter (0.76%, p=0.005). In addition, significant differences were also found for body balance (21.4%, p=0.001), quality of life (9.1%, p=0.001) and all muscular strength measurements, such as in leg press 45° (49.3%, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the methodology applied to resistance training can be recommended for menopausal women with low BMD.

Keywords : resistance training; bone mineral density; body balance; muscular strength; quality of life.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License