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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
FREITAS, Juliana Silveira et al. Aerobic swimming training improves metabolic parameters response during exertion test in rats. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.2, pp.134-138. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922010000200012.
The effects of low intensity aerobic swimming training on blood lactate and glucose responses in rats were investigated during exertion test. Twelve adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: sedentary (n= 6) and trained (n= 6). All animals received water and food ad libitum and were kept in a room with temperature of 22 ± 2ºC and dark/light cycle of 12 hours. Animals from trained group were submitted to a swimming training protocol of 30 min/day, 5 days/week, for 6 weeks. Sedentary animals did not exercise. Three days after the last training session all animals were submitted to two 20-minute swimming tests with 48 hour-interval, being one unloaded and the other with a load of 5 % of body weight. Blood lactate and glucose were measured at rest, 10 min and 20 min of exercise. Negative correlation between blood lactate and glucose levels was observed during the exertion tests (ρ = - 0.74, P<0.001). Blood lactate concentration increased from rest to 10 min of exercise and stabilized from 10 to 20 min of exercise in both exercised and sedentary animals (P<0.05) during the unloaded exertion test. Blood lactate stabilized at higher levels when compared to those in the unloaded test in both groups (P<0.05) during the loaded exertion test. Trained rats presented lower levels of blood lactate than sedentary animals in both exercise tests (P<0.05). Blood glucose declined from rest to 10 min of exercise in sedentary rats during the loaded test (P<0.05). However, in trained animals blood glucose stabilized in both exercise tests (P>0.05). It was concluded that aerobic swimming training changed blood lactate and glucose response in rats during exertion test.
Keywords : physical activity; anaerobic threshold; lactate; glucose.