Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
CARVALHO, Tales de and MARA, Lourenço Sampaio de. Hydration and Nutrition in Sports. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.2, pp. 144-148. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922010000200014.
Some disorders derived from flaws in eating as well as hydric, electrolytic and energetic substrate reposition greatly harm tolerance to exertion and respond for health risk and even death to practitioners of physical exercise. Such disorders, which are more commonly observed in long-duration activities, are strongly influenced by environmental conditions. This article, which is focused on professionals from the sports field who work with physical exercise programs to the general population, presents data based on scientific evidence, with the aim to present safe exercise practice and health maintenance. This information should be considered by all sports practitioners, either competitive or simply health clubs goers. This article approaches some of the essential aspects of sports hydration and nutrition which were didatically sorted in six sessions: body fluid compartments; thermorregulation in physical exercise; sweat composition; dehydration; hydrogluco electrolytic reposition and nutritional recommendations.
Keywords : thermoregulation; exercise; transpiration; dehydratation.