Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
SA, Clodoaldo Antônio de; FERNANDEZ, Juan Marcelo and SILVA-GRIGOLETTO, Marzo Edir Da. Metabolic responses to fructose supplementation in strength exercise of lower limbs. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.3, pp. 176-181. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922010000300004.
Due to its insulin-independent metabolism, fructose promotes significant changes in liver metabolism, promoting a metabolic surrounding favorable to the glucose as well as lipids metabolism during the exercise. This condition has been widely studied in endurance exercises; however, none study about fructose supplementation in strength exercise (SE) was found. This study aimed to assess the acute effects of the fructose addition to a glucose supplement on lipid metabolism in strength exercise. Twenty trained male subjects ingested a glucose (G) or glucose plus fuctose (G+F) supplement, 15 minutes before practicing a strength exercise (10 sets of 10 repetitions). The subjects were tested randomly in a crossover design and with a week of pause in two experimental conditions: SE+(G) and SE+(G+F). The analysis of the results showed that values of triglycerides during the exercise were higher (p < 0.05) when the subjects were supplemented with G+F than when they were supplemented only with G. By the end of the exercise the values of free fatty acid were higher when in G+F (p < 0.05). Glycemia was lower during the exercise and higher in the recovery (p < 0.05) in this condition. Insulin values did not differ among the experiments during strength exercises (p > 0.05), but they were higher in G+F than in G (p < 0.05) during recovery. Perceived exertion (PE) was lower (p < 0.05) in G+F than in G. It can be concluded that the G+F supplementation positively affects the lipid metabolism during the strength exercise and favors its metabolism immediately after the effort, promoting a metabolic condition that reflects on a condition that favorably affects the PE.
Keywords : carbohydrates; lipid metabolism; anaerobic exercise.