Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
VENANCIO, Daniel Paulino; NOBREGA, Antonio Claudio Lucas da; TUFIK, Sergio and MELLO, Marco Túlio de. Descriptive assessment on the use of anabolic steroids and their effect on the biochemical and neuroendocrine variables in practitioners of resisted exercise. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.3, pp. 191-195. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922010000300007.
The use of anabolic asteroids has become a public health problem over the last years. Concerning their abusive use, many deleterious effects caused in their totality by dysfunction of the various physiological systems can be observed. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the hypophyseal-gonadal axis, hormone function, hepatic transaminases and hemogram profile of 61 volunteers distributed in three groups: 20 anabolic steroid users, practitioners of resisted physical exercise; 21 practitioners of resisted physical exercise with no use of anabolic steroids and 20 sedentary subjects. Increase of the creatine kinase level was observed in the two exercised groups in comparison to the sedentary group (p < 0.001). Reduction of the LH and FSH gonadotrpins of the steroid users group and increase in the estradiol level were observed in comparison to the sedentary and with no steroid use groups (p < 0.001). Moreover, reduction of the HDL cholesterol fraction was observed in comparison to the two studied groups (p < 0.001). Thus, the use of anabolic steroids causes biochemical alterations which can lead to the installation of collateral effects.
Keywords : anabolic androgenic sterois; resistance exercise; side effects.