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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte

versão impressa ISSN 1517-8692


LEPORACE, Gustavo et al. Specificity of the myoelectrical activity on the eccentric decline squat at 25º and standard squat with different overloads. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.3, pp.205-209. ISSN 1517-8692.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the myoelectrical activity between the single-leg decline squat and the single-leg standard squat, with two different overloads. PARTICIPANTS: A group of eight recreationally trained subjects with no signs or symptoms of injury in the lower limb. PROCEDURES: On different days, the subjects performed two distinct kinds of unilateral eccentric squat, differentiated by the direction of the base of support, being one flat and the other declined at 25°. These two squats were carried out with two different overloads: with no extra overload and with an overload that represented 15 maximum repetitions (RM). OUTCOME MEASURES: The myoelectrical activities of the rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, medial hamstrings and gastrocnemius medialis were measured in the four test conditions (Flat and Decline Squat with and without extra overload). RESULTS: The quadriceps muscles were sensitive to the platform angle, showing greater activity on the decline squat; however, they did not show increase in the activation when overload was added. The medial hamstrings and gastrocnemius medialis were not sensitive to the platform angle or to the overload increase. In spite of the alterations in the muscular co-contraction ratio in several situations, we did not find any statistically significant differences among the four conditions tested. CONCLUSION: The results confirmed the higher activation of quadriceps generated in the decline squat compared to the standard squat, suggesting that this exercise is an interesting choice for rehabilitation management of patellar tendinopathy. Despite the non-significant statistical differences regarding muscular co-contraction, this exercise should be used with caution, since muscle synergism is changed as a function of tested variables, altering the specificity of this exercise in relation to sports activities, mainly in the coordination aspect.

Palavras-chave : biomechanics; decline squat; standard squat; EMG; motor behavior.

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