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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte

versão impressa ISSN 1517-8692

Resumo

PURIM, Kátia Sheylla Malta  e  LEITE, Neiva. Photoprotection and physical exercise. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.3, pp.224-229. ISSN 1517-8692.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922010000300014.

Photoprotection measures are reported as crucial procedures in the prevention of skin disorders and health and beauty maintenance. Although regular physical exercises are also recommended to attain a healthy lifestyle, sports activities expose one to increased sun radiation. The aim of this article is to review photoprotection measures as prevention for damage caused by the sun on the skin of athletes. The history of photoprotection, the effects of radiation and the risks of exposure during the practice of physical activities are reviewed. The implementation of strategies, such as selecting the time, place, clothing and accessories, in addition to the use of sunscreen, minimizes the risks resulting from ultraviolet A and B radiation (UVA and UVB) during sport's outdoor practice. Among the available products in the market, preference must be given to those that provide safety, wide protection, good cosmetics, chemical stability under various heat and humidity conditions, photostability, and low cost. The athlete must be guided by health professionals on the risks inherent to the everyday and sports activities. Skin self-examination is essential for the prevention of skin disorders as it helps in early detection. The future of photoprotection in sports lies on investment on educational measures from childhood, thus reducing the cumulative sun damages. Sun exposure must take place cautiously and with a minimum of sequela, through photoprotective behavior, in order to provide a better quality of life.

Palavras-chave : physical activity; UV radiation; sun-protection factor; quality of life; sports.

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