SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.16 issue5Exercise effects on serum levels of creatine kinase in ultra-distance triathletes in the course of a competition periodMetabolic (mal) adaptations to training continuum: misconceptions of terminology and diagnosis author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte

Print version ISSN 1517-8692


TEODORO, Bruno Gonzaga; NATALI, Antônio José; FERNANDES, Sílvio Anderson Toledo  and  PELUZIO, Maria do Carmo Gouveia. The aerobic physical exercise intensity influence on the atherosclerotic process. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.5, pp. 382-387. ISSN 1517-8692.

Atherosclerosis is a chronic-degenerative inflammatory process that occurs in blood vessels and is characterized by accumulation of lipids, of inflammatory cells and fibrosis factors on the vessels walls. The (LDL-c) oxidation seems to be the main event to trigger atherosclerosis. Aerobic exercise improves the organic system defense against atherosclerosis by decreasing oxidative stress and increasing anti-oxidant enzyme biosynthesis, improving blood vessels vasodilatation by nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), decreasing the pro-inflammatory cytokine production and increasing anti-inflammatory factors. However, acute high intensity aerobic exercises increase the cardiovascular event risk and its chronic type may affect either positively or negatively in the prevention of atherosclerosis.

Keywords : Aerobic exercise; atherosclerosis; exercise intensity.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License