Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
GOMES, Sérgio Adriano; SOTERO, Rafael da Costa; GIAVONI, Adriana and MELO, Gislane Ferreira de. Body composition and physical fitness level evaluation among futsal athletes classified into gender schemas typological groups. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2011, vol.17, n.3, pp. 156-160. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922011000300001.
INTRODUCTION: Self-concept is a structure formed by cognitive schemas, among of these there are gender schemas (male and female schemas). According to the Interactive Model, all individuals are composed of both schemas resulting in different psychological profile. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate if futsal athletes who differ in gender schemas typological groups present differences in body composition and physical fitness level. METHOD: The initial sample was composed of 92 male athletes, who were classified in the following gender schema typological group: Male Heteroshematic (MH), Female Heteroshematic (FH) and Isoshematic (ISO). In order to classify the sample in typological groups, the Male Inventory of the Self-Concept's Gender Schemas (IMEGA) was used. The Squat Jump, Counter Movement Jump and Running Anaerobic Sprint Tests were used to assess explosive power and anaerobic capacity, respectively. The results were analyzed with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA): One Way, Mixed and Manova. RESULTS: The results showed no differences in body composition, but MH presented more fatigue than the ISO and FH groups. In the assessment of six sprints executed by the athletes, it was observed that MH presented more variation between the initial and final maximum power, when compared with the other groups. CONCLUSION: These results lead to the conclusion that different psychological profiles adapt better to some game positions performance and/or to some specific situations during the game. Finally, it is suggested that the psychological profile must be used as a criterion in the selection of the athletes, considering also physiological and technical factors
Keywords : body composition; sports; athletic performance; personality.