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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
BARROS, Juliana Gonçalves de et al. Swimming physical training promotes cardiac remodeling and improves blood perfusion in the cardiac muscle of SHR via adenosine-dependent mechanism. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2011, vol.17, n.3, pp. 193-197. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922011000300009.
Exercise training (ET) has been used as non-pharmacological therapy for hypertension treatment and swimming physical training is recognized for yielding cardiac remodeling in experiments. However, little is known on the effects of adenosine (Ado) resulting from ET as hypertension prevention and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiac remodeling and the role of adenosine in cardiac blood flow distribution (BF) to the myocardium after aerobic ET on SHR. METHODS: 28 male SHR, babies and adults, were submitted to swimming training protocol during 10 weeks (5 times a week - 1 h a day). Colored micro spheres protocols were used to evaluate blood flow, morphological techniques were used to evaluate cardiac hypertrophy and biochemical analysis were performed to verify enzyme activity in the adenosine formation. RESULTS: ET attenuated the evolution of hypertension in the SHR babies group (S: 145 2; T: 140 2mmHg), HR was lower in adult SHR (S: 340 4; T: 321 6bpm) and CH increased in both groups (TB: 12%; TA: 10%). At basal condition, BF was increased in trained babies (S: 4.745 ± 2.145; T: 6.970 ± 2.374mi/heart) and higher vasodilatation response was observed due to adenosine infusion (S: 18.946 ± 6.685; T: 25.045 ± 7.031mi/heart). In this group, the ET promoted a higher 5'-nucleotidase enzyme activity leading to a higher adenosine formation (S: 0.45 ± 0.09; T: 1.01 ± 0.05). CONCLUSION: The swimming training developed CH as well as increased adenosine formation, leading to higher coronary blood flow, and its important role in hypertension regulation was demonstrated.
Keywords : hypertrophy; coronary blood flow; colored microspheres.