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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
BRITO, Vitor Caiaffo et al. Impact of malnutrition and moderate aerobic training on the structure of arterial wall in aging rats. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2011, vol.17, n.4, pp.279-283. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922011000400014.
We evaluated the late effects of malnutrition multicarencial imposed during lactation and the possible effects and / or changes to both the aging process as of moderate aerobic training on the luminal diameter and the tunica media area of the left common carotid artery, horizontal aorta and thoracic aorta of rats in the aging process. Twenty-four Wistar rats male were separated according to diet and physical training: GNS - Nourished Sedentary Group, GNT - Trained Nourished Group, GDS - Malnourished Sedentary Group and GDT - Malnourished Trained Group. At 10 months, the GNT and GDT were submitted to TAM, in water for 8 weeks. Then the mice were anesthetized and sacrificed and the arterial fragments were collected for histological processing. The area of the tunica media was measured by the difference between external and internal areas of the arterial wall and luminal diameter was measured from the average of two diameters measured from four points marked on the inner layer of the vessel. The area of tunica media decreased in the horizontal aorta when compared the groups GNS x GDS (p = 0.015) and increased in left common carotid artery between the groups GNS and GNT (p = <0.001). The thoracic aorta showed an increase in luminal diameter when comparing the GDS with the GDT (p = 0.041). Both malnutrition multicarencial induced partial changes in the horizontal aorta wall, as well as the physical training was able to promote changes in the tunica media area of the left common carotid artery and luminal diameter of the thoracic aorta.
Keywords : aerobic moderate training; arterial remodeling; aorta; carotid artery.