Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
VALADARES, Ywia Danieli et al. Applicability of activities of daily living tests in individuals with heart failure. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2011, vol.17, n.5, pp. 310-314. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922011000500003.
Limitation in activities of daily living (ADL) caused by dyspnea is a common finding in patients with heart failure (HF), functional class III and IV. Specific assessment of ADL limitation could be used as a parameter of the disease progression and the therapy response. However, there is a shortage of instruments to assess ADL in this population. This study aimed to determine the applicability of the London Chest Activity of Daily Living (LCADL) and the Glittre ADL-test (TGlittre), to evaluate functional limitations of individuals with HF functional class III and IV. Ten patients (57±9 years, 27.5±4.5kg/m2) of both genders with a clinical diagnosis of HF functional class III and IV and left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) 34±7% participated in the study. Spirometry, body mass index (BMI), LCADL, six-minute walking test (6MWT), TGlittre, Medical Research Council Scale (MRC) and SF-36 were performed. The patients had an average score of the LCADLtotal from 27.7±12.1 (LCADL%total: 41.5±16.9) and time of TGlittre 6.3±4.8 minutes. A positive correlation was found between them (r = 0.88, p<0.05). LCADL%total correlated with 6MWT (r =-0.83), LVEF (r =-0.64), MRC (r =0.68) and Functional Capacity (FC) of the SF-36 (r =-0.63) (p<0.05). TGlittre correlated with 6MWT (r =-0.90), LVEF (r =-0.66) and CF of the SF-36 (r =-0.69) (p<0.05). In conclusion, the LCADL scale and TGlittre have applicability in patients with HF class III and IV, demonstrating association with LVEF, distance on the 6MWT, degree of dyspnea and quality of life.
Keywords : heart failure; dyspnea; activities of daily living.