Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
SILVA, Cristiano Diniz da et al. Yo-Yo IR2 test and margaria test: validity, reliability and maximum heart rate in young soccer players. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2011, vol.17, n.5, pp. 344-349. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922011000500010.
The aims of the present study were: i) to evaluate the construct validity of Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 2 (Yo-Yo IR2) and of the Margaria Test (MT) with performance in high intensity exercise during official games in soccer players; ii) to verify the reliability (test-retest) of the two tests; iii) to compare the values of the maximal individual heart rate (MHR) obtained in those protocols and in game. Eighteen players (mean ± SD; age 14 ± 0.8 years, height 172 ± 9 cm, weight 64.3 ± 8.5 kg) belonging to the same team were assessed in test-retest referred protocols and in the percentage of time spent above 85% of MHR (PTS>85%MHR) in two official games of the U-15 Championship. High correlation was found between performance in the Yo-Yo IR2 and PTS>85%MHR (rs=0.71; p<0.05). There was not correlation between performance in MT and PTS>85%MHR (rs=0.44; p=0.06). The Yo-Yo IR2 was more variable and less reproducible (CV= 11%; CCI [95% IC]=0.38) than MT (CV= 1%; CCI [95% IC]=0.93). The highest value of MHR (p<0.001) occurred in the game (202 ± 8 beats.min-1). MHR in Yo-Yo IR2 (194 ± 4 beats.min-1) was lower (p<0,006) than MT (197 ± 6 beats.min-1). In conclusion, the Yo-Yo IR2 can be considered more valid to predict maintenance of high exercise intensity during a match, which is an important performance measure in soccer. However, there is need of strict standardization among the evaluation procedures for stability of the measure. MHR should be observed in several situations, mainly competitive, so that the highest individual value can be reached.
Keywords : soccer; exercise intensity; performance; heart rate; field test.