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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Print version ISSN 1517-8692
SARTORI, Michelle et al. Positive diabetes family history alters chronotropic response to acute exercise. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2011, vol.17, n.6, pp.389-392. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922011000600003.
The aim of this study was to verify the effects of one aerobic exercise session (AES) on the metabolic and hemodynamic profile in diabetes type II offspring. Healthy young males were assigned into 2 groups: diabetic offspring (DO, n=7) and euglicemic offspring (EO, n=7). Metabolic (triglycerides and glucose levels) and cardiovascular (arterial pressure, AP, heart rate, HR) measures were realized before, during and after the AES. The AES was realized on a treadmill during 30 minutes, with progressive intensity. The groups showed similar triglycerides, AP and HR values at rest. The glucose level was higher in DO group when compared to the ED group (99±2 vs. 89±2 mg/dL). The DO group showed higher chronotropic response at the beginning of AES when compared to the EO group (86±4 vs. 125±8 bpm), however, the HR was similar between the groups at the other exercise intensities. At the fifth minute of the recovery, the HR was higher in the DO group when compared to the EO group (FN: 88 ± 3 vs FD: 97± 4 bpm). The AP was similar between groups during and after the AES. The results showed that young diabetic offspring presented metabolic alterations at rest, and exacerbated HR response at the beginning and in the recovery period of the AES, suggesting a higher cardiovascular risk in this population.
Keywords : heritage; autonomic control; physical exercise; risk factors.