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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
versión impresa ISSN 1517-8692
RASO, Vagner y GREVE, Júlia Maria D'Andrea. Aerobic or resistance exercise improves performance in activities of daily living in elderly women. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.2, pp. 87-90. ISSN 1517-8692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922012000200004.
The purpose of this randomized non-controlled study was to determine the effect of an aerobic or resistance exercise protocol on performance of activities of daily living in elderly women. The sample was constituted of 41 apparently healthy elderly women aged 60 to 85 years (x: 65.1 ± 7.9 years) randomly assigned in resistance exercise (n: 22) or aerobic groups (n: 19). The resistance exercise protocol consisted of three sets of eight to 12 repetitions at 60% of one repetition maximum test for the leg press 45º. The aerobic exercise protocol consisted in cycling in a cycle ergometer during 40 minutes at 60% of reserve heart rate. Both protocols were performed three times per week during five weeks. Activities of daily living were estimated by velocity to stand from sitting to standing position (VSeated), velocity to move from supine to standing position (VSupine), velocity to climb stairs (VCS) and velocity to wear sneakers (VWS). Volunteers of aerobic exercise protocol improved significantly the time to perform VWS (19.1%), while the volunteers of resistance exercise protocol improved the capacity to perform VCS (4.3%) and VSupine (8.9%). These results let us conclude that aerobic as well as resistance exercise protocols induced positive effect on activities of daily living, suggesting that both protocols must be associated for an adequate exercise program to improve the functional capacity of elderly people.
Palabras clave : activities of daily living; functional capacity; aging; aerobic exercise; muscle strength.