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Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte

versão impressa ISSN 1517-8692versão On-line ISSN 1806-9940

Resumo

CARVALHO, Pedro Henrique Berbert de et al. DRIVE FOR MUSCULARITY AND ASSOCIATED VARIABLES IN YOUNG ADULTS. Rev Bras Med Esporte [online]. 2016, vol.22, n.2, pp.118-121. ISSN 1517-8692.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1517-869220162202142544.

Introduction:

Drive for muscularity seems to be associated with several variables that affect the health and quality of life of individuals. However, there is a lack of studies on the construct, a low number of specific measuring instruments, and few evaluations of males. Objectives: To evaluate the drive for muscularity and associate it with depressive symptoms, self-esteem, risk behaviors for eating disorders and the degree of psychological commitment to exercise.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study was conducted with 246 young male adults. Self-report instruments were used to assess the drive for muscularity (Drive for Muscularity Scale), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory), risk behavior for eating disorders (Eating Attitudes Test-26), and the degree of psychological commitment to exercise (Commitment Exercise Scale). Pearson's association test was used to verify the relationship between the study variables, and Multiple Linear Regression Analysis (forward) to evaluate how much the study variables influence the drive for muscularity.

Results:

The drive for muscularity was associated with self-esteem (rpearson = 0.13; p<0.05), risk behavior for eating disorders (rpearson = 0.20; p<0.05) and the degree of psychological commitment to exercise (rpearson = 0.62; p<0.05). The degree of psychological commitment to exercise explained 38.4% of the total variance in the drive for muscularity, 12.3% of dissatisfaction with muscularity, and 51.0% of the muscularity-oriented behaviors.

Conclusion:

Drive for muscularity is associated with low self-esteem, risk behaviors for eating disorders and, in particular, with the degree of psychological commitment to physical exercise, which warn health professionals about the risks of excessive pursuit of the ideal hyper muscled body and deleterious behaviors to health resulting from this pursuit.

Palavras-chave : body image; eating disorders; self concept; depression.

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