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Educação e Pesquisa

Print version ISSN 1517-9702On-line version ISSN 1678-4634

Abstract

PEREIRA, Marcos Villela  and  RATTO, Cleber Gibbon. Self-praise and the inordinate anthropologization of human sciences. Educ. Pesqui. [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.3, pp.629-640. ISSN 1517-9702.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-97022011000300012.

The present work conducts a philosophical critique of a specific form of anthropologization of the human sciences. The human is not a biologically determined natural fact within the field of the sciences. Quite differently, the specific to the field of the humanities is the outcome of a process of anthropologization that made man a subject endowed of epistemological conscience. For this reason, man, center stage figure of modernity, is this empirical-transcendental double who, bent over himself, produces his own regime of knowledge. Knowledge of oneself, therefore, became the big matrix of the humanities knowledge, in the same proportion that metaphysics was transmuted into metaphysics of subjectivity, and language acquired ontological prestige. Along these lines, a large share of the projects of criticism to classical science was erected, conferring pride of place to language as the manufacturer of reality. There was even mention of a linguistic turn, a prime argument of critique to the metanarratives and eulogy of the fragmentary and relativist regimes of truth. Still, to assume that truth is a discursive effect, and that reality by itself is the outcome of a production, is not enough. It is also important to examine this regime that turned language into the expression of knowledge and of the conscience of the world. Man has become the measure of knowledge.

Keywords : Human sciences; Subjectivity; Anthropology; Language; Communication.

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