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Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil
On-line version ISSN 1806-3829
SILVA, Giselia Alves Pontes da; LIMA, Marilia de Carvalho and LIRA, Pedro Israel Cabral de. Clinical characteristics of diarrheal disease in suckling children in the Zona da Mata Meridional in the State of Pernambuco. Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. [online]. 2002, vol.2, n.3, pp. 239-244. ISSN 1806-3829. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-38292002000300004.
OBJECTIVES: to describe clinical characteristics of diarrhea episodes in a group of children residing in the Zona da Mata Meridional in the State of Pernambuco during the first six months of life. METHODS: the study's design is a case series comprising all children followed-up within a cohort study accomplished in four cities of the Zona da Mata Meridional of the State of Pernambuco who during observation had at least one episode of diarrheal disease. RESULTS: 264 episodes of diarrhea were followed-up in 239 children. The episodes lasted between one and 31 days, with the median of two days and the mode of one day. 93,5% of the episodes were self-limited to seven days. The majority of the children had one diarrhea episode during observation. Hospitalization was required in 18 episodes (6,8%). No deaths occurred. CONCLUSIONS: the clinical evolution of diarrheal disease when studied in the community is benign with short-lived diarrheic episodes and low hospitalization rates.
Keywords : Diarrhea, infantile; Social conditions; Infant.