Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil
On-line version ISSN 1806-3829
ARGOLLO, Nayara et al. Brain white matter lesions correlated to newborns death and lethality. Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. [online]. 2006, vol.6, n.2, pp. 231-238. ISSN 1806-3829. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-38292006000200011.
OBJECTIVES: to describe hospital lethality rates and factors correlated to death in neonates with brain white matter lesions. METHODS: a retrospective study was performed from January 1994 to December 2001. Neonates with white brain matter lesions were divided into survival and death groups and their medical files reviewed through the single blind method to determine evolution. Death certificates provided the cause of death. The groups were compared through correlation coefficients. Hospital lethality rate was calculated. RESULTS: ninety three cases of white brain matter lesions and seven deaths were determined. Hospital lethality rate was of 8.2.% (95%CI: 2.4-14.0) independently from lesion occurrence time, and of 10.3% (95%CI: 3.3-17.3) for deaths occurred during prenatal and perinatal periods. Death was correlated to: Apgar score, non-cephalic presentation, gestational age, hyperglicemia, hypercalcemia, convulsion, respiratory insufficiency and atelectasy. CONCLUSIONS: hospital lethality was of 10.3% generating the following hypothesis: perinatal asphyxia must be the principal direct and indirect etiologic factor (aggravating the expression of prematurity and infection diseases), of prenatal and perinatal mortality among newborns with white brain matter lesions; and <7 Apgar score in the 5th minute associated to brain white matter lesions, are markers for perinatal asphyxia diagnosis.
Keywords : Brain diseases; Cerebral infarction; Apgar score; Infant mortality.