Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil
Print version ISSN 1519-3829
ARRUDA, Bertoldo Kruse Grande de and ARRUDA, Ilma Kruze Grande de. Milestones of the feeding policies and nutrition in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. [online]. 2007, vol.7, n.3, pp. 319-326. ISSN 1519-3829. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-38292007000300011.
The milestones of the concept and implementation of innovative proposals in the field of nutrition appeared in the 30's. The 1933 survey performed by Josué de Castro in Recife focusing the qualify of life of the working classes determined calories' and nutrients' deficiencies and encouraged the development of new researches focusing on the food situation in Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, esta-blishing a relationship between food and minimum wage. To assist the government in formulating a National Policy for Food and Nutrition the National Institute for Food and Nutrition (INAN) was founded in 1972 and the I National Program for Food and Nutrition (PRONAN I) was designed comprising 12 sub-programs of different governmental entities. With the innovative concept of malnutrition as a social disease PRONAN I was replaced in 1976 by the PRONAN II. INAN became extinct in 1997 and was replaced by the General Coordination of Feeding and Nutrition Policies, in charge of designing a National Policy for Food and Nutrition in the context of Food and Nutrition Security which, in 2001 created the Food Aid Program. The creation of the National Council of Food Security in 1993 encouraged the approval of the Fome Zero Program (Zero Hunger Program). The Brazilian reality is one traditionally impacted by the lack of systematic procedures.
Keywords : Nutrition programmes and policies; Nutrition programmes; Food security.