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Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil
On-line version ISSN 1806-9304
VALENCIA, María Mercedes Arias et al. Aspects of the fertility of indigenous Suruí women in Rondônia, Brazil: an approximation. Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. [online]. 2010, vol.10, n.3, pp.349-358. ISSN 1806-9304. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-38292010000300008.
OBJECTIVES: to analyze female fertility among Suruí Indian women in the Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: a total of 88 reproductive and birth histories were collected by means of household interviews carried out in two Suruí villages in 2004. RESULTS: the average age of menarche was 12 years-old; the average ages of first marriage and of the delivering the first child were, respectively, 13.8 and 15.7 years-old. For most women, delivery took place in their own village. The average time between pregnancies was 22.8 months and the average breast feeding duration was 18.4 months. Very few Suruí women use contraceptives and most have attended school for only a couple of years. On average, the total fertility rate was of 6.3 children per woman. CONCLUSIONS: in comparison with other populations, Suruí's demography shows a moderately high fertility rate. The authors argue that the findings of this study can be of use to better plan health services that are more culturally compatible with the reality of Suruí women.
Keywords : Fertility; Indians, South American; Brazil.