Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil
versão impressa ISSN 1519-3829
BARBOSA, Leila Maria Alvares; LOS, Deniele Bezerra; SILVA, Ivson Bezerra da e ANSELMO, Caroline W. S. Ferreira. The effectiveness of biofeedback in treatment of women with stress urinary incontinence: a systematic review. Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.3, pp. 217-225. ISSN 1519-3829. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-38292011000300002.
OBJECTIVES: to assess whether pelvic-floor muscle training associated with biofeedback is more effective in the treatment of women with stress urinary incontinence, when compared to exercise alone. METHODS: a research of articles published in the last 20 years in Lilacs, PubMed and SCIRUS databases, using the descriptors "urinary incontinence, stress" and "biofeedback" was conducted. Randomized clinical trials comparing pelvic-floor muscle training with and without biofeedback were included. RESULTS: the study involved three randomized clinical trials involving 169 patients. A physical therapist was responsible for conducting the treatment using electromyographic or pressure biofeedback, and exercises were performed in the clinic or at home. The assessment methods, treatment times and protocols used were heterogeneous. Statistical analysis and rates of cure/improvement were similar between the groups of articles analyzed. Two studies had a score 8, and the third had 6 points according to PEDro's Scale. CONCLUSIONS: examination of the studies found suggests that adding biofeedback to pelvic-floor muscle training appears not to bring about a significant difference in terms of the success of treatment, when compared to perineal exercises performed in isolation.
Palavras-chave : Urinary incontinence; stress; Biofeedback; Exercise therapy.