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Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil
versión On-line ISSN 1806-9304
CARVALHO, Priscila Diniz de et al. The prevalence of and factors associated with negative mental health indicators in adolescents attending high school in the Brazilian State of Pernambuco. Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.3, pp.227-232. ISSN 1806-9304. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-38292011000300003.
OBJECTIVES: to identify the prevalence of and factors associated with negative mental health indicators among adolescents. METHODS: a previously validated questionnaire was used to gather data on 4,207 adolescents (aged between 14 and 19 years) attending high school, selected by way of conglomerate sampling in two stages. RESULTS: the prevalence of sadness, feelings of loneliness, thoughts of suicide, difficulty sleeping because of anxiety, and plans to commit suicide was 29.7%, 15.8%, 11.2%, 10.0% and 7.8% respectively. The prevalence for all indicators was higher among girls, with sadness being the most prevalent indicator. It was identified that skin-color was not a factor associated with the occurrence of negative mental health indicators, while not living with parents showed a significant degree of association with feeling of loneliness and thoughts of suicide. CONCLUSIONS: the prevalence of feelings of loneliness and sadness is high and girls are a subgroup that is more vulnerable to all the negative mental health indicators.
Palabras clave : Adolescent; Mental health; Suicide; Loneliness; Health behavior.