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Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil

versão impressa ISSN 1519-3829versão On-line ISSN 1806-9304

Resumo

BADANAI, Nayla de Lourenço; ZUCCOLOTTO, Daniela Cristina Candelas; CRIVELLENTI, Lívia Castro  e  SARTORELLI, Daniela Saes. Association of dietary patterns and degree of food processing with feelings of depression in pregnancy. Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. [online]. 2019, vol.19, n.3, pp.581-590.  Epub 16-Set-2019. ISSN 1519-3829.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-93042019000300006.

Objectives:

to investigate the relationship of dietary patterns and degree of food processing with feelings of depression in pregnancy.

Methods:

cross-sectional study conducted with 784 adult pregnant women in Ribeirão Preto, SP, between 2011 and 2012. Feelings of depression were obtained through a structured questionnaire. Two 24-hour dietary recalls were obtained (24th-39th weeks of gestation) and adjusted through the Multiple Source Method. Four dietary patterns were determined: “Brazilian traditional”,“snacks”, “coffee”, and “healthy”. Adjusted logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship ofthe tertiles of dietary patterns and energy contribution (% E) of foods according to the degree of industrial processing with feelings of depression (always/most of the time vs. sometimes/never).

Results:

12% of the women reported feelings of depression during the pregnancy. Women with greater adherence to “Brazilian traditional”[OR= 0.54 (CI95%= 0.30-0.97)] and “healthy” patterns [0.53 (0.30-0.94)] and with higher % E from minimally processed foods [0.51 (0.28-0.93)] presented a lower chance of feelings of depression. A higher % E from ultra-processed foods [2.39 (1.29-4.41)] was directly associated with the outcome. No associations with the other patterns were found.

Conclusions:

greater adherence to the“Brazilian traditional” and “healthy” dietary patterns was inversely associated with feelings of depression during pregnancy, possibly mediated by the degree of industrial processing of the foods.

Palavras-chave : Pregnant women; Dietary habits; Industrialized foods; Depression.

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