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MARSARO JUNIOR, ALBERTO L. et al. Inhibition of the Germination of Botrytis cinerea Pers. Fr. Conidia by Extracts of the Mandibular Gland of Atta sexdens rubropilosa Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Neotrop. Entomol. [online]. 2001, vol.30, n.3, pp. 403-406. ISSN 1519-566X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2001000300010.
This research investigated the effect of mandibular gland secretions of Atta sexdens rubropilosa Forel on the germination of Botrytis cinerea Pers. Fr. conidia. This fungus attacks several species of cultivated plants of economic importance. From 20 mandibular glands of workers of the leaf-cutting ant (3.60-4.30 mm head capsule width) we obtained 9.4 mg of acetone soluble secretion. To this mass, sterile water and the dispersing agent Tween 20 were added to prepare four doses which composed the treatments of 0.94 mg/ml, 4.70 mg/ml, 9.40 mg/ml and 37.60 mg/ml. We also used a negative control (water), a solvent control (acetone) and a positive control (the Mancozeb fungicide at 1600 ppm). Five microliters of B. cinerea conidia suspension were added to excavated plates maintained at 20°C in the dark. Therefore the solution concentrations of the treatments were reduced to half, that is 0.47 mg/ml, 2.35 mg/ml, 4.70 mg/ml and 18.80 mg/ml. A total of 12 replicates were performed for each of four treatments. The percentage of conidia germination was obtained 8h after treatments. Results by Probit analysis of data indicated that higher gland concentrations led to higher inhibition of conidia germination. The concentration of 18.80 mg/ml had an inhibitory effect (94.2%) similar to that of Mancozeb (95.3%).
Keywords : Insecta; leaf-cutting ants; antifungal activity; plant pathogenic fungus.