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Neotropical Entomology

versión impresa ISSN 1519-566X

Resumen

BUSATO, GUSTAVO R. et al. Consumption and Utilization of Food by Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Native to Different Areas in Rio Grande do Sul, from Corn and Irrigated Rice. Neotrop. Entomol. [online]. 2002, vol.31, n.4, pp. 525-529. ISSN 1519-566X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2002000400003.

The goal of this work was to determine by means of consumption and utilization of natural food, the existence of strains of Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith)in different areas of corn and irrigated rice in Rio Grande do Sul. Four populations were collected: one in Santa Rosa, traditional area of corn cropping; one in Uruguaiana, traditional area of rice; and two in Pelotas, where corn and rice are planted side by side. In the laboratory, 20 larvae were individualized (second generation) and kept in petri dishes, in BOD, at 25ºC temperature, 70 ± 10% RH and 14h photophase. The larvae were fed on leaves of their respective hosts, hybrid of corn BRS 8330 and the cultivar of irrigated rice Embrapa 6-Chuí. The leaves of both hosts were submitted to bromatological analysis. The dry weight of the larva at maximum development, food consumed and feces eliminated were determined and the nutritional ratios were calculated: relative consumption ratio (RCR), relative metabolic ratio (RMR), relative growth ratio (RGR), approximate digestibilidade (AD), efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI), efficiency of conversion of digested food (ECD) and the metabolic cost (100 - ECD). Rice was more suitable as food for S. frugiperda; it was ingested in smaller amount, presented smaller 100 - ECD and larger ECI and ECD. A strong possibility of existence of two strains of S. frugiperda is evidenced in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, the corn and rice strains, which are morphologically similar but physiologically different.

Palabras llave : Nutritional index; fall armyworm; insect strain.

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