versão On-line ISSN 1678-8052
SANTOS, Karen B. dos; NEVES, Pedro M.J. e SANTOS, Walter J. dos. Resistance of cotton cultivars to the Vein Mosaic Virus transmitted by the aphid Aphis gossypii (Glover) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Neotrop. Entomol. [online]. 2004, vol.33, n.4, pp. 481-486. ISSN 1678-8052. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2004000400013.
The aphid Aphis gossypii Glover is a vector of Cotton Vein Mosaic Virus (V.M.N.), which can cause reduced or null yields in cotton crops. The objective of this study was to identify cotton cultivars resistant to V.M.N. when exposed to the action of aphids. The experiments were conducted at the experimental farm of the Instituto Agronômico do Paraná, IAPAR, in Londrina, PR, Brazil, in a randomized blocks statistical design. The cultivars compared were: Delta Opal, Deltapine A90, CNPA ITA 90, Coodetec 401, IAC 22, IPR 95, IPR 96, and IPR 94. Twenty-five plants were selected for evaluation; the presence of aphids and V.M.N. symptoms were recorded. Two experiments were conducted under the same conditions; in one of them, insecticides were applied to control aphids when their presence was detected on 10% of the plants. The other experiment received no insecticides for aphid control. The vector was present on the plants from all cultivars. High V.M.N. rates occurred in cultivar CNPA ITA 90 even under lower aphid infestations, with a yield reduction of 68% when compared with Delta Opal. The cultivars Delta Opal and Coodetec 401 proved very resistant to V.M.N. based on the absence of plants with symptoms; IAC 22 was susceptible, while Deltapine A90 and CNPA ITA 90 were very susceptible. The insecticides provided reasonable protection against the action of the vector, but data allowed to infer that in areas with high levels of V.M.N. infection, the most suitable control method would be the adoption of cultivars resistant to the disease, such as Delta Opal and Coodetec 401.
Palavras-chave : Insecta; viral disease; cotton pest; Gossypium hirsutum.