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Neotropical Entomology

versão impressa ISSN 1519-566Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-8052

Resumo

HIROSE, Edson; PANIZZI, Antônio R.  e  CATTELAN, Alexandre J.. Effect of relative humidity on emergence and on dispersal and regrouping of first instar Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Neotrop. Entomol. [online]. 2006, vol.35, n.6, pp.757-761. ISSN 1678-8052.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2006000600006.

Laboratory studies with 1st instar of southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.) indicated that relative humidity (RH) greatly affected nymph emergence and survivorship up to the 2nd instar, reaching the maximum value (» 90%) with RH of > 80%. At 60% RH, 60% of the nymphs emerged and survived, while with 0% RH only » 15% of eggs hatched, and most nymphs died. Emerged nymphs from egg masses placed in plastic boxes with a gradient of humidity remained on egg shells for ca. one day. After this period, they dispersed and regrouped on top of shells 6.8 ± 0.67 times, until they abandoned the shells toward the source of humidity, avoiding the water-saturated areas. Duration taken for each rearrangement (dispersal + regroup) increased with time, with a range of » 26 min to 44 min. The mean duration of the grouping behavior on egg shells after each rearrangement decreased from » 102 min (1st) to 24 min (6th and last grouping). The rearrangement behavior of 1st instars on top of egg shells apparently compensates for the water loss of nymphs.

Palavras-chave : Heteroptera; stink bug; behavior; aggregation; microclimate.

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