Print version ISSN 1519-566X
AGUIAR-MENEZES, Elen L. et al. Faunistic analysis of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Northern and Northwestern Regions of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Neotrop. entomol. [online]. 2008, vol.37, n.1, pp. 8-14. ISSN 1519-566X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2008000100002.
This study aimed to characterize the fruit fly populations in three municipalities of the Northern region and two municipalities of the Northwestern region of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, and to evaluate the similarity among their populations. A faunistic analysis was performed from the fruit fly specimens captured in plastic McPhail traps with an aqueous solution of hydrolyzed protein to 5% placed in orchards of guava (Psidium guajava L.) and/or other fruits during 26 months. The total of 3,952 females of 15 species of Anastrepha Schiner and 277 females of Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) was captured. The species richness differed among the municipalities, with the highest value in São Francisco do Itabapoana (S = 14), resulting on the highest Shannon-Wiener index (H = 1.27). The equitability was low in the five municipalities due to the dominance of one unique fruit fly species. The predominant species (more frequent, constant and dominant) were Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) in Campos dos Goytacazes and São Francisco do Itabapoana, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wied.) in Cambuci and Itaocara, and Anastrepha sororcula Zucchi in São João da Barra. Fruit fly populations had low diversity index of Margalef (a = 0.58 to 1.82). Regarding to fruit fly species composition, the populations in São João da Barra and Cambuci were more similar between each other, composing a distinct group from the populations in Campos dos Goytacazes and Itaocara. These two groups differed quite a lot from the population in São Francisco do Itabapoana.
Keywords : Anastrepha; Ceratitis capitata; diversity; faunistic index.