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Neotropical Entomology

Print version ISSN 1519-566X

Abstract

LIMA, Larissa C. de  and  CAMPOS, Alcebíades R.. Factors affecting oviposition of Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) biotype B in sweet pepper. Neotrop. entomol. [online]. 2008, vol.37, n.2, pp. 180-184. ISSN 1519-566X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2008000200012.

Bemisia tabaci (Gen.) biotype B is considered a pest of economical importance for several vegetables. The oviposition behaviour of the whilefly was evaluated in sweet pepper plants. The trials were carried out under greenhouse condition and in the Laboratory of Entomology of DEFERS/UNESP, Campus of Ilha Solteira-SP, with the sweet pepper Magali-R genotype. The effect of plant age on the whitefly oviposition was evaluated in free-choice tests, in plants, 25, 30, 35, 40 and 45-day-old, as egg distribution in the plant and on the leaf blade was evaluated in 35-days-old plants. In a no-choice tests, 35-day-old plants were used to evaluate the effect of the densities of 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 adults per plant on the number of eggs laid by insects. The silverleaf whitefly preferred to oviposit on the third to sixth leaflets, of the medium and superior part of plants of sweet pepper; the leaf blade areas, located in the lobes right and left close the base of the leaf were the preferential site for whitefly oviposition. Older plants, 40- and 45-day-old, were preferentially used for oviposition, and 200 and 250 adults per plant were both enough to lay a number of eggs that allowed to differentiate among sweet pepper genotypes with different whitefly resistance levels.

Keywords : Silverleaf whitefly; leaf blade; density of adults; egg distribution; plant age; oviposit.

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