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versión impresa ISSN 1519-566X
BOMFIM, ZV et al. A morphometric and molecular study of Anastrepha pickeli Lima (Diptera: Tephritidae). Neotrop. entomol. [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.5, pp. 587-594. ISSN 1519-566X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2011000500010.
This study investigated the level of morphometric and genetic variability among populations of Anastrepha pickeli Lima from several localities in Brazil, one locality in Bolivia and one in Paraguay. Traditional and geometric morphometric analyses were used, as well as sequencing of a fragment of the cytochrome oxidase gene (COI). Six variables were measured from the aculeus for traditional morphometric analysis and 14 landmarks from the right wing were used for geometric analysis, using 10 specimes/population. The aculeus tip length, aculeus width at the end of the cloaca opening, and the serrate part length contributed with 62.7% for grouping. According to the results from traditional morphometry, there was no significant difference, but the multivariate tests showed that the canonical variables were statistically significant, indicating a difference in the wing conformation among populations. Molecular phylogenetic analysis indicated that the populations clustered into three clades and revealed a high level of genetic variation within A. pickeli populations from various geographic regions. Anastrepha pickeli populations differed among them according to the methods used in this study, showing incongruence among the methods used.
Palabras clave : Fruit fly; geometric and traditional morphometry; molecular phylogeny; cytochrome oxidase I (COI); taxonomy.