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Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais

versão impressa ISSN 1519-6089versão On-line ISSN 1984-7289

Resumo

LIMA, Jacob Carlos  e  CORTES, Soraya Maria Vargas. Sociology in Brazil and the interdisciplinarity in the social sciences. Civitas, Rev. Ciênc. Soc. [online]. 2013, vol.13, n.3, pp.416-435.  Epub 03-Jul-2020. ISSN 1984-7289.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1984-7289.2013.3.16522.

The interdisciplinarity constitutes sociology as an academic discipline. This characteristic stimulates the discussion about its theoretical and methodological specificities, the formation of a disciplinary culture and the corporatist debate on what would be its peculiarities as a field of knowledge. The synthetic science, as proposed by Comte, since the start encompassed contributions of other human science and also of the hard sciences. In Brazil, sociology was synonymous of social sciences. Anthropology, political science and sociology shared the same field, building up common forums of discussion while, at the same time, strengthened their disciplinary trajectories. Since the 1990s, graduate studies expanded in Brazil; there was also the growth of graduate programs, undergraduate courses and professionals associations in the three areas. There was the growth of graduate education encompassing the contributions of the economy, geography and of other similar disciplines. We argue that, however the interdisciplinarity is the in the future of scientific investigation and can give limits to overspecialization, paradoxically solid disciplines make interdisciplinarity more effective. In this we analyze this process in Brazil, focusing the graduate courses in sociology and social science, using data from Coordination for the Improvement of Personal in Superior Education (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Ensino Superior – Capes), of the Ministry of Education of Brazil.

Palavras-chave : Sociology in Brazil; Social Science in Brazil; Graduate Studies in Brazil; Interdisciplinarity.

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