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Brazilian Journal of Biology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4375
MELO DE PINNA, G. F. A.; KRAUS, J. E. and MENEZES, N. L. de. Morphology and anatomy of leaf mine in Richterago riparia Roque (Asteraceae) in the campos rupestres of Serra do Cipó, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2002, vol.62, n.1, pp. 179-185. ISSN 1678-4375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842002000100020.
The leaf mine in Richterago riparia is caused by a lepidopteran larva (lepidopteronome). The leaves of R. riparia show campdodrome venation; the epidermis is unistratified, with stomata and glandular trichomes in adaxial and abaxial surfaces. The mesophyll is bilateral and the vascular system is collateral. During the formation of the mine, the larva consumes the chlorenchyma of the mesophyll and the smaller vascular bundles (veins of third and fourth orders). Structural alterations in the tissues of the host plant were not observed, except for the formation of a wound meristem and the presence of cells with phenolic substances next to the mine. Three cephalic exuviae of the miner were found in the mesophyll. This lepidopteronome is parenchymatic and the epidermis remains intact, but forms a protective layer for the mining insect.
Keywords : leaf mine; lepidopteronome; anatomy; morphology; Richterago; Asteraceae.