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vol.65 número3Sazonalidade reprodutiva de peixes de um trecho lótico do rio Grande, na bacia do alto rio Paraná índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versão impressa ISSN 1519-6984versão On-line ISSN 1678-4375

Resumo

ANDRADE, P. M.  e  BRAGA, F. M. S.. Diet and feeding of fish from Grande River, located below the Volta Grande Reservoir, MG-SP. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2005, vol.65, n.3, pp.377-385. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842005000300002.

We compare the classic model of feeding of tropical fish by means of six bimonthly samplings using gillnets of varying mesh sizes that were inspected every twelve hours throughout a forty-eight hour period. The stomachs of the fish caught were classified in three categories according to quantity of food found. The amount of fat in the visceral cavity with respect to the energetic reserve deposition was also studied. The relative frequencies of the different categories of stomach repletion and fat deposition were examined for patterns of feeding seasonality. The stomachs considered full were examined to record diet composition. To assess the relative importance of the different food resources, we applied Feeding Importance Degree (FID), which is a useful index when difficulties exist in determining a common basis for volume, number, or weight of a given food item in different species, a common problem when dealing with fish species having different feeding habits. The fish species whose stomach contents were analyzed using the FID index were Serrasalmus spilopleura (Characidae), L. prolixa (Loricaridae), Schizodon nasutus (Anostomidae), and Pimelodus maculatus (Pimelodidae). Our findings indicate some contrasting elements , in dietary composition in relation to the classic model for tropical rivers. These factors include the importance of aquatic macrophytes, the lack of piscivorous species, and a lesser presence of allochthonous vegetation in the diet of the species studied.

Palavras-chave : fish; feeding; reservoirs; Feeding Importance Degree.

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